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Due to repeated pandemic shutdowns, many citizens across the United States continue to struggle financially. This has led to a large number of tenants being unable to pay their rent fees, thus putting them in danger of eviction.

To help minimize the impact of COVID-19 on tenants, the federal government alongside various counties and states have enacted measures placing moratoriums on evictions and banning utility shutoffs.

Keep reading to learn about the specific tenant protections in your state, as well as how eviction protection regulations have changed over time.

Eviction Moratorium Timeline

During the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S. various eviction moratoriums were established in response to mass job loss and unemployment. The first of these was included in the CARES act, applying to federally-backed properties.

After its expiry on July 24, 2020, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued an agency order known as “Temporary Halt in Residential Evictions to Prevent the Further Spread of Covid-19”.

This order was effective from September 4 until December 31 of 2020, during which evictions were banned in any jurisdiction where the order was applied and for all residential properties in which the tenant met certain criteria.

After the end of the moratorium on the night of January 1 2021, it was immediately extended to January 31. Following President Biden’s inauguration, the order was again extended until March 31.

These federal eviction protections were then extended by the CDC through to June 30, 2021, and one additional extension was enacted until July 31, 2021. Although this was originally meant to be the final moratorium, due to significant political pressure the CDC issued an additional extension for counties with considerable community levels of COVID-19 transmission.

This current ban on evictions will end on October 3 2021, and while additional nationwide bans have not yet been announced, further state and local tenant protections may be issued depending on location.

Who Does the Moratorium Protect?

The current eviction agency order enacted on August 3, 2021 only prohibits landlords from evicting tenants that meet certain criteria. It also only applies to counties with “substantial” or “high” community transmission rates of COVID-19. To check if your county fulfills this requirement, consult the CDC COVID-19 Integrated County View page.

To qualify for protection from eviction, a tenant must also meet the following criteria:

  • Have earned less than $99,000 in 2020 or expected to earn lass than this amount in 2021 ($198,000 if filing jointly with another person)
  • Not have had to report any income to the IRS in 2020 or have received an Economic Impact Payment (stimulus check)
  • Have used their best efforts to obtain government housing assistance
  • Are not able to pay their rent due to significant income loss
  • Have made their best efforts to make partial rent payments
  • Would become homeless or have to move into shared living after eviction

Tenants wanting protection from eviction will need to complete a declaration under penalty of perjury that they meet the order’s criteria. Anyone violating the order may face criminal penalties such as jail time or fines.

It’s also important to note that certain states have additional tenant eviction bans that provide more protection than the current agency order. Make sure you check your area's regulations to see if you fulfill the necessary requirements.

Eviction Protection Status for All States

The overview below includes the latest information on COVID-19 eviction protections by state. Please be advised that this information is changing frequently (sometimes on an hourly basis), so it’s important that you check your state’s government website regularly for up-to-date information on evictions.

State Ban On Evictions Ban on Utility Shutoffs Percentage of renters behind as of July 5
Alabama No No 17%
Alaska No No 16%
Arizona No No 15%
Arkansas No No 14%
California Yes: through 9/30/2021 Yes: through 9/30/2021 14%
Colorado No No 9%
Connecticut No No 21%
Delaware No No 9%
District of Columbia Yes Yes 18%
Florida No No 13%
Georgia No No 24%
Hawaii No No 7%
Idaho No No 6%
Illinois Yes: through 10/3/2021 No 17%
Indiana No No 20%
Iowa No No 18%
Kansas No No 8%
Kentucky No No 14%
Louisiana No No 17%
Maine No No 15%
Maryland No No 18%
Massachusetts No No 12%
Michigan No No 13%
Minnesota Yes No 10%
Mississippi No No 29%
Missouri No No 13%
Montana No No 10%
Nebraska No No 18%
Nevada No No 11%
New Hampshire No No 13%
New Jersey Yes: until end of emergency +2 months No 18%
New Mexico Yes No 17%
New York Yes: through 1/15/2022 Yes 21%
North Carolina No No 17%
North Dakota No No 15%
Ohio No No 17%
Oklahoma No No 17%
Oregon No No 12%
Pennsylvania No No 19%
Rhode Island No No 17%
South Carolina No No 28%
South Dakota No No 19%
Tennessee No No 17%
Texas No No 15%
Utah No No 8%
Vermont No No 8%
Virginia No Yes: until at least 60 days after end of state of emergency 14%
Washington Eviction moratorium "bridge" through 9/30/2021 Yes: through 9/30/2021 15%
Washington DC Yes: through 28/02/2022 Yes: through 28/02/2022
West Virginia No No 20%
Wisconsin No No 9%
Wyoming No No 17%

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