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Eviction is a legal process a property owner can use to regain control from a tenant. In the United States, eviction is governed by state law, so the process and legal requirements vary widely between states. In some places, removal can be accomplished in mere days, while in other states, it may take multiple court trips over many months.

If you’re wondering how to evict a tenant, make sure you check your state’s eviction requirements before taking any action.

What is the Eviction Process?

Typically, the process begins with a notice of violation, continues in court, and ends with a tenant’s forced removal. State laws establish the process that eviction proceedings must follow. In most jurisdictions, the eviction process is intended to prevent tenants from losing their homes before the court can sort out if there was a breach in the lease between landlord and tenant.

Read more:How to evict a roommate

Reasons for Eviction

Eviction is the result of a tenant materially breaching their lease contract with their landlord. A breach can occur for a variety of reasons, including:

  • Non-payment of rent
  • Violations of the lease agreement
  • Holdover tenancy, when a tenant maintains possession after the end of a lease
  • Damage to the property caused by the tenant
  • Criminal activity
  • Health code violations

State law will dictate the reasons a landlord can legally evict a tenant. It will also dictate how much notice must first be given. Sometimes, the particular reason for eviction can be significant. For example, some states allow tenants to avoid being evicted by paying late rent within a specific time frame.

Each state determines the motives and amount of notice you must give to evict a tenant. Always remember to handle an eviction in a legal manner. Depending on the reason for the eviction, you may need to give more or fewer days' notice. The amount of notice also depends on where the property is. There can be large differences between states.

Read More: Pros and Cons of Good Cause Evition

How Does an Eviction Process Work?

Once a landlord has determined that the lease was breached, they can begin the eviction process to retake possession of their property. The process will vary from state to state but generally follows the following five steps:

Step 1: Give the Eviction Notice to the Tenant:

Before a landlord can remove a tenant and their possessions, they must notify the tenant they plan to bring an eviction action in court by providing them with a legal document. The eviction notice by state must comply with the law and specify the amount of time the tenant has to fix the breach (if required) or vacate the premises.

The three most common notices are:

Pay or Quit Notice

In states where landlords must give the tenant the chance to remedy the situation, this notice will allow them to remain if they can pay enough rent, typically within 3 to 5 days.

Comply or Quit Notice

For evictions stemming from violations of lease rules, such as keeping unauthorized pets, this notice will allow the tenant some amount of time to “cure” the breach and remain in the dwelling.

Unconditional Notice to Quit

This notice requires the tenant to leave after a certain number of days. An unconditional notice can only be used in most states after extreme or repeated lease violations, such as seriously damaging the property or using the property for criminal purposes.

If the tenant has not left the premises after the number of days stated in the notice passes, a landlord must proceed to court to receive a formal eviction.

Step 2: Fill Out the Eviction Form

As a landlord, you will be the plaintiff filing a complaint in any eviction lawsuit. You will sue the tenant as a defendant, essentially accusing them of illegally occupying your property. This may be referred to as an “unlawful detainer” action or a “forcible entry and detainer” suit in some jurisdictions.

Most large jurisdictions have separate legal dockets for these types of actions. Ensure you file the correct lawsuit in the property’s county, and make sure you list the proper plaintiff. For example, if you own property through a corporation or an LLC, the company will be the plaintiff, rather than the landlord in an individual capacity. You can quickly and easily fill out the paperwork you need using our Eviction Notice Form.


Create your Eviction Notice Now

Step 3: Serve Papers to the Tenant

After filing a lawsuit, you must provide the tenant with proper notice of the eviction proceeding. This notice comes from legally “serving” the defendant with a copy of the lawsuit. You’ll also need to provide proof of service to the court.

Step 4: Eviction Trial

The tenant may have an opportunity after receiving service to submit a written answer to your complaint. In some states, tenants can forfeit the right to a trial by not filing an answer or not attending court. In these cases, the landlord is awarded a default judgment.

Most states provide for eviction actions to be fast-tracked to trial. If the court date arrives and the tenant is still living on the property, you will have a trial. At the trial, the landlord must prove that the tenant materially breached their lease and has received proper notice. In addition to an order to vacate or writ of possession, a winning landlord can receive damages and attorney’s fees in some states.

Step 5: After the Judgment

Typically, the writ for possession will allow a couple days for the tenant to move out on their own. Local law enforcement will carry out the writ for a landlord, forcibly removing the tenant from the premises. Once removed, a landlord will have the ability to change the locks.

When removing any belongings that a tenant left behind, a landlord needs to be aware of local laws. For example, some states require the property to be stored for a certain amount of time to allow the tenant to recover their personal possessions.

Rules for Landlords in Evictions

Certain parts of the eviction workflow are best left to the courts and law enforcement. Self-help eviction remedies (such as locking the tenant out or turning off utilities) are explicitly outlawed in many states and can lead to landlords owing fines, fees, or damages. Even where self-help eviction is legal, confrontations with tenants can quickly escalate. Damage to the property or violence is not uncommon in these situations.

This are some landlords don'ts:

  • Attempting to remove the tenant from the property by force
  • Removing the belongings of your tenants from the property until after a writ of possession is issued
  • Changing the locks while the tenant still occupies the dwelling
  • Utility shut-offs, such as water, gas, or electric
  • Harassing the tenants beyond servicing legal notices

Eviction Notice Requirements by State

Each state sets requirements for the amount of notice a landlord must give a tenant. This is determined by the reason you want to evict your tenant.

Ensure you understand how to deliver a notice. It is also important to know how much notice you must give to the tenant to fix any breach of contract if it is a curable offense. Unpaid rent is an example of a curable violation.

Check the table below to review the requirements of your state.

State Accepted Delivery Method Days to Pay or Vacate Days to Cure or Vacate Laws
Alabama - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

7 days 14 days § 35-9A-421(b), § 35-9A-421(a)
Alaska - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

7 days 7 days AS 34.03.220(b), AS 34.03.160
Arizona - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 10 days (week-to-week tenancy)

30 days (month-to-month)

§ 33-1368(2b), § 33-1368(A)
Arkansas - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

3 days 14 days § 18-60-304(3), § 18-17-901
California - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

3 days 3 days CCP § 1161(2), CCP §1161(3)
Colorado - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days 3 days § 13-40-104
Connecticut - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days (non-curable, served 9 days after missed payment) 3 days (non-curable, served 9 days after missed payment) § 47a-23
Delaware - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 7 days Title 25 § 5502, 25 § 5513
District of Columbia - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

30 days 30 days DC Law 22-245
Florida - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Delivery as specified in the tenant’s lease

3 days 7 days § 83.56(3), § 83.56(1)
Georgia - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

7 days (after receiving a Dispossessory procedure summons) No specified period § 44-7-50
Hawaii - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 10 days § 521-68, § 521-72
Idaho - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice in the local newspaper AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

3 days 3 days § 6-303(2), § 6-303(3)
Illinois - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 10 days 735 ILCS 5/9-209, 735 ILCS 5/9-210
Indiana - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

10 days A reasonable period to cure the breach IC 32-31-1-6
Iowa - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

3 days 7 days § 562a.27(2), § 562A.27(1)
Kansas - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

10 days 14 days *§ 58-2507, *§ 58-2564(1)
Kentucky - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

7 days 14 days By county
Louisiana - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

- Registered/certified mail (New Orleans East Bank only)

5 days 5 days CCP 4701
Maine - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

7 days (served 7 days after non-payment) 7 days Title 14 § 6002, § 6025 & § 6002
Maryland - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

Not necessary 30 days (non-curable)

14 days if there is a risk of immediate danger to health

§ 8-401, § 8–402.1
Massachusetts - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

14 days No specified period Chapter 186, Section 11
Michigan - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

7 days No specified period § 554.134(2), § 600.5714 and § 554.134(4)
Minnesota - Hand delivery 14 days No specified period § 504B.135(b)
Mississippi - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property (nonpayment of rent only)

- Posting the notice in the local newspaper (if other methods fail)

3 days 30 days § 89-7-27, § 89-8-13(3)(b)
Missouri - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

Renter may cure non-payment up to 1 day before Unlawful Detainer trial date 10 days § 535.060, § 441.040
Montana - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

3 days 14 days

3 days in the case of unauthorized pets or occupants

§ 70-24-422
Nebraska - Hand delivery

- Delivery by process server

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

3 days 14 days § 76-1431(2), 76-1431(1)
Nevada - Hand delivery 5 days 5 days to quit with 3 days to cure NRS 40.2512
New Hampshire - Hand delivery 7 days 30 days § 540:3
New Jersey - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

Not necessary or 30 days if landlord has accepted late rent previously 30 days § 2A:18-61.2(b)
New Mexico - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

- Leaving a copy with the tenants employer AND mailing copies to the tenant’s last known address AND workplace

3 days 7 days

3 days for an unauthorized occupant

§ 47-8-33, § 47-8-33(b)
New York - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

14 days 30 days

None if illegal activity has been committed on the property

§ 711(2), § 753(4)
North Carolina - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

10 days None or

10 days if substantial damage has been done to the property

§ 42-3, § 42-26
North Dakota - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail to the last known address of the tenant

- Posting the notice on the property (if all other methods fail)

3 days 3 days § 47-32
Ohio - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days 3 days § 1923.02 and § 1923.04, § 1923.04
Oklahoma - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 10 days Title 41 § 131, § 41-132
Oregon - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days (served 7 days after non-payment) 14 days ORS § 90.394, § 90.392
Pennsylvania - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

10 days 15 days (for leases of less than 1 year)

30 days (for leases of over 1 year)

§ 250.501(b)
Rhode Island - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property (if other methods fail)

5 days (served after 15 days of non-payment) 20 days § 34-18-35, § 34-18-36
South Carolina - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Delivery by process server

5 days 14 days § 27-40-710(B), § 27-40-710
South Dakota - Hand delivery (1st attempt)

- Posting the notice in the local newspaper (1st attempt, optional)

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail (2nd attempt)

3 days A reasonable period to cure the breach § 21-16-2(4), § 43-32-18
Tennessee - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy

14 days 30 days § 66-28-505, § 66-7-109
Texas - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days 3 days § 24.005
Utah - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

3 days 3 days § 78B-6-802
Vermont - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

14 days 30 days

14 days if illegal activity has been committed by the tenant

§ 4467
Virginia - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy

5 days 30 days § 55.1-1415, § 55.1-1245
Washington - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail (and leaving a copy with another resident of the property)

3 days 10 days SB-5600, RCW 59.12.030
West Virginia - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

No specified period No specified period § 55-3A-1
Wisconsin - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy

5 days for 1st violation

14 days for 2nd violation

5 days for 1st violation

14 days for 2nd violation

§ 704.17(2)
Wyoming - Hand delivery

- Leaving a copy of the notice on the property with a fellow resident above the age of 14

3 days 3 days § 1-21-1003

Evictions During Coronavirus Outbreak

Through at least the end of 2021, the federal government has issued a moratorium on residential evictions for non-payment of rent due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The national moratorium applies only to those tenants who meet stringent eligibility requirements.

Since then, the Federal Eviction Moratorium has ended. On August 26, 2021, it was left up to each state to decide its own eviction protections and bans. These states, in 2022, currently have a ban on evictions in place for tenants facing economic hardship due to the pandemic:

  • California
  • Washington D.C
  • Minnesota
  • New Mexico

Be sure to check for any temporary measures before beginning an eviction process.

Read more: Eviction Moratoriums by State

How Long Does the Eviction Process Take?

Eviction timelines vary significantly from state to state. The quickest states may go from posting of notice to a sheriff forcibly removing a tenant within two weeks. Slower states can take three or more months to have the eviction workflow make its way through the court system.

Even though most states or municipalities have a fast-tracked docket for evictions, the pace can slow if a judge determines they want to review additional evidence. All the while, the tenant can maintain possession of the property, though they will continue to owe rent during this time.

Read more: How Do I Get an Eviction Removed From My Record?

Eviction is a legal process a property owner can use to regain control from a tenant. In the United States, eviction is governed by state law, so the process and legal requirements vary widely between states. In some places, removal can be accomplished in mere days, while in other states, it may take multiple court trips over many months.

If you’re wondering how to evict a tenant, make sure you check your state’s eviction requirements before taking any action.

What is the Eviction Process?

Typically, the process begins with a notice of violation, continues in court, and ends with a tenant’s forced removal. State laws establish the process that eviction proceedings must follow. In most jurisdictions, the eviction process is intended to prevent tenants from losing their homes before the court can sort out if there was a breach in the lease between landlord and tenant.

Read more:How to evict a roommate

Reasons for Eviction

Eviction is the result of a tenant materially breaching their lease contract with their landlord. A breach can occur for a variety of reasons, including:

  • Non-payment of rent
  • Violations of the lease agreement
  • Holdover tenancy, when a tenant maintains possession after the end of a lease
  • Damage to the property caused by the tenant
  • Criminal activity
  • Health code violations

State law will dictate the reasons a landlord can legally evict a tenant. It will also dictate how much notice must first be given. Sometimes, the particular reason for eviction can be significant. For example, some states allow tenants to avoid being evicted by paying late rent within a specific time frame.

Each state determines the motives and amount of notice you must give to evict a tenant. Always remember to handle an eviction in a legal manner. Depending on the reason for the eviction, you may need to give more or fewer days' notice. The amount of notice also depends on where the property is. There can be large differences between states.

Read More: Pros and Cons of Good Cause Evition

How Does an Eviction Process Work?

Once a landlord has determined that the lease was breached, they can begin the eviction process to retake possession of their property. The process will vary from state to state but generally follows the following five steps:

Step 1: Give the Eviction Notice to the Tenant:

Before a landlord can remove a tenant and their possessions, they must notify the tenant they plan to bring an eviction action in court by providing them with a legal document. The eviction notice by state must comply with the law and specify the amount of time the tenant has to fix the breach (if required) or vacate the premises.

The three most common notices are:

Pay or Quit Notice

In states where landlords must give the tenant the chance to remedy the situation, this notice will allow them to remain if they can pay enough rent, typically within 3 to 5 days.

Comply or Quit Notice

For evictions stemming from violations of lease rules, such as keeping unauthorized pets, this notice will allow the tenant some amount of time to “cure” the breach and remain in the dwelling.

Unconditional Notice to Quit

This notice requires the tenant to leave after a certain number of days. An unconditional notice can only be used in most states after extreme or repeated lease violations, such as seriously damaging the property or using the property for criminal purposes.

If the tenant has not left the premises after the number of days stated in the notice passes, a landlord must proceed to court to receive a formal eviction.

Step 2: Fill Out the Eviction Form

As a landlord, you will be the plaintiff filing a complaint in any eviction lawsuit. You will sue the tenant as a defendant, essentially accusing them of illegally occupying your property. This may be referred to as an “unlawful detainer” action or a “forcible entry and detainer” suit in some jurisdictions.

Most large jurisdictions have separate legal dockets for these types of actions. Ensure you file the correct lawsuit in the property’s county, and make sure you list the proper plaintiff. For example, if you own property through a corporation or an LLC, the company will be the plaintiff, rather than the landlord in an individual capacity. You can quickly and easily fill out the paperwork you need using our Eviction Notice Form.


Create your Eviction Notice Now

Step 3: Serve Papers to the Tenant

After filing a lawsuit, you must provide the tenant with proper notice of the eviction proceeding. This notice comes from legally “serving” the defendant with a copy of the lawsuit. You’ll also need to provide proof of service to the court.

Step 4: Eviction Trial

The tenant may have an opportunity after receiving service to submit a written answer to your complaint. In some states, tenants can forfeit the right to a trial by not filing an answer or not attending court. In these cases, the landlord is awarded a default judgment.

Most states provide for eviction actions to be fast-tracked to trial. If the court date arrives and the tenant is still living on the property, you will have a trial. At the trial, the landlord must prove that the tenant materially breached their lease and has received proper notice. In addition to an order to vacate or writ of possession, a winning landlord can receive damages and attorney’s fees in some states.

Step 5: After the Judgment

Typically, the writ for possession will allow a couple days for the tenant to move out on their own. Local law enforcement will carry out the writ for a landlord, forcibly removing the tenant from the premises. Once removed, a landlord will have the ability to change the locks.

When removing any belongings that a tenant left behind, a landlord needs to be aware of local laws. For example, some states require the property to be stored for a certain amount of time to allow the tenant to recover their personal possessions.

Rules for Landlords in Evictions

Certain parts of the eviction workflow are best left to the courts and law enforcement. Self-help eviction remedies (such as locking the tenant out or turning off utilities) are explicitly outlawed in many states and can lead to landlords owing fines, fees, or damages. Even where self-help eviction is legal, confrontations with tenants can quickly escalate. Damage to the property or violence is not uncommon in these situations.

This are some landlords don'ts:

  • Attempting to remove the tenant from the property by force
  • Removing the belongings of your tenants from the property until after a writ of possession is issued
  • Changing the locks while the tenant still occupies the dwelling
  • Utility shut-offs, such as water, gas, or electric
  • Harassing the tenants beyond servicing legal notices

Eviction Notice Requirements by State

Each state sets requirements for the amount of notice a landlord must give a tenant. This is determined by the reason you want to evict your tenant.

Ensure you understand how to deliver a notice. It is also important to know how much notice you must give to the tenant to fix any breach of contract if it is a curable offense. Unpaid rent is an example of a curable violation.

Check the table below to review the requirements of your state.

State Accepted Delivery Method Days to Pay or Vacate Days to Cure or Vacate Laws
Alabama - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

7 days 14 days § 35-9A-421(b), § 35-9A-421(a)
Alaska - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

7 days 7 days AS 34.03.220(b), AS 34.03.160
Arizona - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 10 days (week-to-week tenancy)

30 days (month-to-month)

§ 33-1368(2b), § 33-1368(A)
Arkansas - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

3 days 14 days § 18-60-304(3), § 18-17-901
California - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

3 days 3 days CCP § 1161(2), CCP §1161(3)
Colorado - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days 3 days § 13-40-104
Connecticut - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days (non-curable, served 9 days after missed payment) 3 days (non-curable, served 9 days after missed payment) § 47a-23
Delaware - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 7 days Title 25 § 5502, 25 § 5513
District of Columbia - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

30 days 30 days DC Law 22-245
Florida - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Delivery as specified in the tenant’s lease

3 days 7 days § 83.56(3), § 83.56(1)
Georgia - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

7 days (after receiving a Dispossessory procedure summons) No specified period § 44-7-50
Hawaii - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 10 days § 521-68, § 521-72
Idaho - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice in the local newspaper AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

3 days 3 days § 6-303(2), § 6-303(3)
Illinois - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 10 days 735 ILCS 5/9-209, 735 ILCS 5/9-210
Indiana - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

10 days A reasonable period to cure the breach IC 32-31-1-6
Iowa - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

3 days 7 days § 562a.27(2), § 562A.27(1)
Kansas - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

10 days 14 days *§ 58-2507, *§ 58-2564(1)
Kentucky - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

7 days 14 days By county
Louisiana - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

- Registered/certified mail (New Orleans East Bank only)

5 days 5 days CCP 4701
Maine - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

7 days (served 7 days after non-payment) 7 days Title 14 § 6002, § 6025 & § 6002
Maryland - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

Not necessary 30 days (non-curable)

14 days if there is a risk of immediate danger to health

§ 8-401, § 8–402.1
Massachusetts - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

14 days No specified period Chapter 186, Section 11
Michigan - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

7 days No specified period § 554.134(2), § 600.5714 and § 554.134(4)
Minnesota - Hand delivery 14 days No specified period § 504B.135(b)
Mississippi - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property (nonpayment of rent only)

- Posting the notice in the local newspaper (if other methods fail)

3 days 30 days § 89-7-27, § 89-8-13(3)(b)
Missouri - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

Renter may cure non-payment up to 1 day before Unlawful Detainer trial date 10 days § 535.060, § 441.040
Montana - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

3 days 14 days

3 days in the case of unauthorized pets or occupants

§ 70-24-422
Nebraska - Hand delivery

- Delivery by process server

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail

3 days 14 days § 76-1431(2), 76-1431(1)
Nevada - Hand delivery 5 days 5 days to quit with 3 days to cure NRS 40.2512
New Hampshire - Hand delivery 7 days 30 days § 540:3
New Jersey - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

Not necessary or 30 days if landlord has accepted late rent previously 30 days § 2A:18-61.2(b)
New Mexico - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

- Leaving a copy with the tenants employer AND mailing copies to the tenant’s last known address AND workplace

3 days 7 days

3 days for an unauthorized occupant

§ 47-8-33, § 47-8-33(b)
New York - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

14 days 30 days

None if illegal activity has been committed on the property

§ 711(2), § 753(4)
North Carolina - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

10 days None or

10 days if substantial damage has been done to the property

§ 42-3, § 42-26
North Dakota - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail to the last known address of the tenant

- Posting the notice on the property (if all other methods fail)

3 days 3 days § 47-32
Ohio - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days 3 days § 1923.02 and § 1923.04, § 1923.04
Oklahoma - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

5 days 10 days Title 41 § 131, § 41-132
Oregon - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days (served 7 days after non-payment) 14 days ORS § 90.394, § 90.392
Pennsylvania - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

10 days 15 days (for leases of less than 1 year)

30 days (for leases of over 1 year)

§ 250.501(b)
Rhode Island - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property (if other methods fail)

5 days (served after 15 days of non-payment) 20 days § 34-18-35, § 34-18-36
South Carolina - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Delivery by process server

5 days 14 days § 27-40-710(B), § 27-40-710
South Dakota - Hand delivery (1st attempt)

- Posting the notice in the local newspaper (1st attempt, optional)

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy by registered/certified mail (2nd attempt)

3 days A reasonable period to cure the breach § 21-16-2(4), § 43-32-18
Tennessee - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy

14 days 30 days § 66-28-505, § 66-7-109
Texas - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property

3 days 3 days § 24.005
Utah - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Leaving the notice on the property

3 days 3 days § 78B-6-802
Vermont - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property

14 days 30 days

14 days if illegal activity has been committed by the tenant

§ 4467
Virginia - Hand delivery

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy

5 days 30 days § 55.1-1415, § 55.1-1245
Washington - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail (and leaving a copy with another resident of the property)

3 days 10 days SB-5600, RCW 59.12.030
West Virginia - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

No specified period No specified period § 55-3A-1
Wisconsin - Hand delivery

- Registered/certified mail

- Posting the notice on the property AND mailing a copy

5 days for 1st violation

14 days for 2nd violation

5 days for 1st violation

14 days for 2nd violation

§ 704.17(2)
Wyoming - Hand delivery

- Leaving a copy of the notice on the property with a fellow resident above the age of 14

3 days 3 days § 1-21-1003

Evictions During Coronavirus Outbreak

Through at least the end of 2021, the federal government has issued a moratorium on residential evictions for non-payment of rent due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The national moratorium applies only to those tenants who meet stringent eligibility requirements.

Since then, the Federal Eviction Moratorium has ended. On August 26, 2021, it was left up to each state to decide its own eviction protections and bans. These states, in 2022, currently have a ban on evictions in place for tenants facing economic hardship due to the pandemic:

  • California
  • Washington D.C
  • Minnesota
  • New Mexico

Be sure to check for any temporary measures before beginning an eviction process.

Read more: Eviction Moratoriums by State

How Long Does the Eviction Process Take?

Eviction timelines vary significantly from state to state. The quickest states may go from posting of notice to a sheriff forcibly removing a tenant within two weeks. Slower states can take three or more months to have the eviction workflow make its way through the court system.

Even though most states or municipalities have a fast-tracked docket for evictions, the pace can slow if a judge determines they want to review additional evidence. All the while, the tenant can maintain possession of the property, though they will continue to owe rent during this time.

Read more: How Do I Get an Eviction Removed From My Record?